Quick Comparison Chart for Violets of the Finger Lakes Region

(Synonyms are not referenced on this page.  If you reached this page directly, searching by an
alternative name, you will need to go to the main page for the violets to select one of the alternative names.)
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Table 1.  Flowers primarily  bright yellow .

 

Stemmed Violets Stemless Violets
  Viola pubescens Viola rotundifolia

 

Table 2.  Flowers primarily  white  on front side (bright yellow toward the center in V. canadensis).
  Stemmed Violets Stemless Violets
Flowers small (7-12 mm long) ----- Viola blanda
Viola pallens
Viola renifolia
Viola odorata
(or blue)
Flowers larger (13-22 mm long) Viola canadensis
Viola striata
Viola sororia (or blue)
Viola ×bissellii
(or blue)

 

Table 3.  Flowers primarily  blue-violet  to  purple  (sometimes white or darkened toward the center).
  Stemmed Violets Stemless Violets
Lateral petals bearded
      (with dense patches of hairs)
Viola labradorica Viola cucullata
Viola odorata
(or white)
Viola palmata
Viola sagittata
Viola sororia
(or white)
[ proceed to Table 4 ]
Lateral petals not bearded
      (without hairs or with very
       few hairs)
Viola rostrata Viola selkirkii

 

Table 4.  Stemless blue/purple violets with bearded lateral petals [continued from Table 3].
  Lvs. hairy on 1 or both surfaces Leaves not hairy at all
Lateral leaf margins (edges) without lobes* .
Viola odorata
Viola sagittata
var. ovata
Viola selkirkii
Viola sororia
Viola ×bissellii
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Viola cucullata
Lateral leaf margins (edges) with at least some lobes* Viola palmata
Viola
sagittata var. sagittata
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* The term "lobes", as used here, does not apply to the basal portion of leaves that are cordate (heart-shaped).

 

 

Table 5.   Stemmed, annual species with variously multi-colored flowers, often garden escapes.
Viola arvensis, Viola tricolor

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Page updated:  2016-03-15