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Plants of rich, mesic, deciduous forests; stream banks; gravel bars; alluvial soils.  Flowering late April through May.  Native.

Perennial.  Stemmed (i.e., flowers are borne on peduncles that arise from leaf axils on aerial stems).  An individual stem may bear more than one flower.    Cleistogamous flowers are produced, but stolons are not produced.

Flowers:  Petals are white to cream-color, with faint purple veins, especially on the spurred petal. Petals lack yellow patches.  Lateral petals are beardedBack sides of petals are not tinged purple.  Sepals are densely ciliate.  The spur is well-developed (up to 4 mm long).

Leaves:  Ovate, sometimes broadly so, glabrous, with obtuse to rounded tips, and evenly short-toothed marginsStipules are leaf-like, with jagged (fringed) margins.

Seeds:  Light brown.

 

 

Similar species:  Viola canadensis.

 

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