Synonym:  Viola fimbriatula  Smith

          

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Two varieties are generally recognized, distinguished primarily by leaf shape and overall pubescence. (See below for details.)

Viola sagittata var. ovata  (Nutt.) Torr. & A. Gray
Viola sagittata var. sagittata  Aiton

Plants often of dry, open, sandy or gravelly, disturbed sites. Variety sagittata is sometimes found on mesic to wet-mesic soil.  Flowering late April through May.  Native.

Perennial.  Stemless (i.e., flowers are borne on peduncles that arise directly from short rhizomes).  Cleistogamous flowers are produced. Stolons are not produced.

Flowers:  Petals are violet/purple.  The lower three petals also have dark purple veins, and are beardedSepals are lance-shaped; ciliate (var. ovata), or not ciliate (var. sagittata).

Leaves:

- var. ovataovate to narrowly ovate, densely hairy
- var. sagittatabroadly lance-shaped, distinctly longer than wide, with small lobes near the base; sparsly hairy or glabrous.

Seeds:  color is variable.

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Similar species:  Viola odorata and Viola palmata.

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