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Plants of rich, mesic or damp, cool northern hardwood forests.  Flowering mid-April to mid-May.  Native.

Perennial.  Stemless (i.e., flowers are borne on peduncles that arise directly from the plant base or from rhizomes).  Cleistogamous flowers are produced later in season.  Stolons are not produced.

Flowers:  Petals are bright yellow, with purple veins on the lower three petals.  Lateral petals are beardedSepals are lance-shaped and lack ciliaPeduncles are hairy.

Leaves:  Leaves mature to full size after flowering ends, becoming broadly ovate to nearly roundBasal notches are shallow.  Leaf tips are blunt to  rounded; edges are shallowly-toothed.

Seeds:  Pale.

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Similar species:  Viola pubescens.

Note:  V. rotundifolia is one of the earliest blooming violets.

 

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