Plants of rich, mesic or damp, cool
northern hardwood forests. Flowering mid-April to mid-May.
Perennial. Stemless (i.e., flowers are
borne on peduncles that arise directly from
the plant base or from rhizomes).
Cleistogamous flowers are produced
later in season. Stolons are not
Flowers: Petals are bright yellow, with
purple veins on the lower three petals. Lateral petals are bearded.
Sepals are lance-shaped and lack
cilia. Peduncles are
Leaves: Leaves mature to full size
after flowering ends, becoming broadly ovate to nearly
notches are shallow. Leaf tips are blunt
to rounded; edges are shallowly-toothed.
Similar species: Viola
Note: V. rotundifolia is one of the earliest