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Plants of mesic to wet, cool forests.  Flowering late April through May.  Native.

Perennial.  Stemless (i.e., flowers are borne on peduncles that arise directly from the plant base).  Cleistogamous flowers are produced.  Stolons are not produced.

Flowers:  Petals are white with purple veins on the lateral petals and the lower petal.  Lateral petals are typically beardless or rarely beardedSepals are ciliateCorollas are 7-10 mm long.

Leaves:  Round or "kidney-shaped" in outline, with blunt or rounded tips, and a conspicuous basal notch (sinus).  Leaf margins are toothed.  Surfaces may be completely hairy or slightly hairy on the undersides.

Capsules:  Ellipsoid.  Seeds:  Brown, 1.9-2.4 mm long.

 

 

Similar species:  Viola pallens and Viola blanda.

Notes:  Viola renifolia is somewhat uncommon in the Finger Lakes region. It is northerly in distribution, and reaches the southern edge of its range in the northern tier of states.

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