Synonym:  Viola pensylvanica  Michx.

          

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Plants perennial.  Flowering late April through May.  Native.

Two varieties of Viola pubescens are recognized:

Viola pubescens var. scabriuscula  Torr. & A. Gray
Viola pubescens var. pubescens  Aiton

The the varieties differ slightly in habitat preferences:

Var. scabriuscula:  Mesic to wet-mesic forests in less acidic, deeper soils.
Var. pubescens:  Mesic to dry-mesic forests in more acidic, thinner soils.

Plants are stemmed (i.e., flowers are borne on peduncles that arise from leaf axils on aerial stems).  An individual stem may bear more than one flower.  Stems are solitary (var. pubescens) or clustered at the summit of the rhizome (var. scabriuscula), densely hairy (var. pubescens) to sparsely hairy (var. scabriuscula).

Flowers:  Petals are bright yellow, with dark purple veins (more pronounced on spurred petal).  Lateral petals are bearded.  Sepals are narrowly lance-shaped, ciliate, at least in the basal portion.

Leaves:  Broadly ovate, with relatively wide basal notches.  Leaf tips are short-pointed.  Leaf surfaces are densely soft hairy (var. pubescens) or sparsely hairy (var. scabriuscula).

Stipules (var. pubescens):  Broadly ovate, obtuse-tipped; (var. scabriuscula):  Lance-shaped to narrowly-ovate, with a short-pointed tip.

Seeds:  Light brown.

 

 

Similar species:  Viola rotundifolia.

 

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