abc .
Plants of dry-mesic, open or wooded slopes on acidic soil.  Flowering late April through May.  Native.

Perennial.  Stemless (i.e., flowers are borne on peduncles that arise directly from rhizomes).  Cleistogamous flowers are produced.  Stolons are not produced.

Flowers:  Petals are purple, with dark purple veins, especially on the lower three petals.  Lateral petals are also bearded, but the spurred (i.e., the lower) petal is not bearded, or has only a few hairs.  Sepals are lance-shaped to narrowly ovate, ciliate or not ciliate.

Leaves:  The earliest leaves are broadly ovate, shallowly-toothed, but unlobed. By flowering, newly-emerging leaves tend to be more narrowly ovate in outline, irregularly toothed and lobed.  Lobes are not deeply cut.  The middle lobe is often the largest.

Seeds:  Brown.

 

 

 

Similar species:  Viola odorata and Viola sagittata.

.

.

.

.

.

Images and text copyright  botphoto.com  and Arieh Tal, 1990 to 2016.  All rights reserved.  ( Terms of use )