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Plants of fields, roadsides, lawns and other disturbed sites.  Flowering mid-April to late May.  Not native.

Perennial.  Stemless (i.e., flowers are borne on peduncles that arise directly from plant base).  Stolons and cleistogamous flowers are produced.

Flowers:  Fragrant.  Petals are typically violet or purple color, sometimes white, with dark purple veins on the lateral petals and lower petal.  Lateral petals are beardedSepals are oblong to ovate, short-hairy and ciliatePeduncles are hairy.  The summit of ovary is minutely hairy.

Leaves:  Broadly ovate to nearly round, with basal notches (sinuses), hairy, small at flowering, but becoming larger later.  Leaf tips are obtuse to rounded; edges are evenly toothed.

The capsule is hairy. Seeds are pale yellow.

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Similar species:  V. sororia.

 

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