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Plants of Swamps, shores, streambanks, wet meadows.  Flowering late April through May.  Native.

Perennial:  Stemless (i.e., flowers are borne on peduncles that arise directly from rhizomes).  Flowers are often elevated well above the leavesCleistogamous flowers are produced.  Stolons are not produced.

Flowers:  Petals are blue-violet, with purple patches.  The lower three petals also have dark purple veins.  Lateral petals are bearded with short (<1mm long) hairs. Tips of hairs are conspicuously dilated.  Sepals are lance-shaped, typically lacking cilia.

Leaves:  Ovate, often longer than wide; with a conspicuous basal notch (sinus); edges are shallowly toothed; the surfaces are typically hairless or nearly so.

Seeds:  Very dark.

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Similar species:  Viola sororia.

Notes:  Viola ×bissellii is a fertile hybrid between V. sororia and V. cucullata. It is prolific and widespread. Specimens exhibit a wide range of intermediate character states, including degree and location of pubescence, length and shape of petal hairs, cilia on  the sepals, and height of peduncles.

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