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Perennials.  Plants usually produce 1-2 stout stems from a caudex. Mid- to upper stems are densely covered with minute branched (stellate) hairs and stalked glandsStolons are not produced.  Typical height is 2 to 3+ feet.

Inflorescences are open, panicle-like, with numerous spreading to ascending branches.  Flower heads are often many, especially on robust plants.

Flower heads are ligulate, with 40+ florets per head.  All florets are bisexual and fertile.  Corollas are yellow.  Involucres are  7-9 mm high, covered with minute, stalked, glandular hairs and minute, branched (stellate) hairs.  Branches and peduncles are also densely covered with glandular and branched hairs.

Basal leaves are usually deciduous by flowering.  Lower stem leaves are ovate to oblanceolate, tapering to winged petioles.  Mid- to upper leaves, if present, are ovate to elliptic, usually lacking a well-defined petiole; untoothed, but with ciliate.

Cypselae are cylindrical, with multiple ribs, truncated at the apex, approx 2.5-3.0 mm.  Pappus is of minutely barbed bristles.

Plants of dry open woods, clearings, roadsides, powerline corridors.  Flowers July-August.  Native.

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The most similar species is Hieracium gronovii, which doesn't occur in central New York.  H. gronovii has similar leaves, but differs by its narrower, though taller inflorescence and less dense hairs.

For additional information on this and other hawkweed species, as well as a list of selected references, see my article, "Understanding Hawkweeds".

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